Taking the heat away from the skin as soon as possible is the most important factor. Apply large quantities of cold water immediately, for up to 15 minutes if necessary. If the skin is broken, or if the area of the burn is larger than four or five inches in diameter, further advice should be sought. If the eye is burnt, apply cold water liberally from a cup.
With sunburn, remember prevention is better than cure. Use high factor sun cream before exposure, especially on children.
The vast majority of sore throats in children and adults are caused by viruses and do not respond to antibiotics. Even when bacteria are isolated from the throat, there is no evidence that antibiotics speed recovery. Treatment should be with paracetamol in children, and paracetamol and aspirin in adults.
Recent research has shown that most ear infections will resolve without antibiotics. Children with earache should be given paracetamol. If the pain is severe, please see the doctor in surgery hours during Appointment time.